Austria is located in Central Europe. The capital city of Austria is Vienna. It is bordered by Czech Republic to the north, Germany to the northwest, Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west, Italy to the southwest, Slovenia to the south, Hungary and Slovakia to the east. The total area of the Austria is around 83,879 square kilometers (approx. 32,385 sq miles). Austria’s terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps. It has about 8,7 million inhabitants.
In the pre-Roman times, the territory of today’s Austria was occupied by Celtic kingdom of Noricum. This territory was later claimed by the Roman Empire. After the dissolution of the Roman Empire, these lands were invaded by many nations (incl. Bavarians, Slavs, and Avars) and was conquered by Charles the Great, the King of the Franks. For some time, lands of Austria were under control of Ottokar II of Bohemia, mighty Czech king.
The strong foundation of the Austrian state was laid with the rise of the Habsburgs in the 14th and 15th centuries. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 (Czech-Hungarian King Louis II Jagiellon was defeated), Bohemia (today’s Czech Republic) and parts of Hungary which were not occupied by the Ottoman Empire came under the Habsburg rule. In 1867, the Austrian empire was reformed into Austria-Hungarian Empire. After WW1, Austro–Hungarian Empire dissolved into nation states and today’s Austria was established.