The Czech Republic is located in the very center of Europe. For this reason, it is sometimes called the “Heart of Europe”. The capital city of the Czech Republic is Prague. By many travelers and polls recognized as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
The Czech Republic is bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The total area of the Czech Republic is 78,866 square kilometers (approx. 30,450 sq miles). It has over 10.5 million inhabitants.
The Czech Republic was established on 1 January 1993, after a peaceful dissolution of the former Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (commonly known as Czechoslovakia). From historic perspective, the Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia – which later became part of the Holy Roman Empire.