Hungary is located in Central Europe. The capital city of Hungary is Budapest. It is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Austria to the northwest, Slovenia to the west, Croatia to the southwest, Serbia to the south, Romania to the east, and Ukraine to the northeast. The total area of the Hungary is around 93,030 square kilometers (approx. 35,919 sq miles). It has about 10 million inhabitants. Foundation of the Hungarian state was laid in the late 9th century – when the Principality of Hungary was established. Soon, Hungary became a middle power of the European continent, reaching a golden age by the 15th century. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526 (Czech- Hungarian King Louis II Jagiellon was defeated), for about 150 years Hungary was occupied by the Ottoman Empire. After the occupation, Hungary came under Habsburg rule, and later formed a significant part of the Austro–Hungarian Empire. After WW1, Austro–Hungarian Empire dissolved into nation states and today’s Hungary was established (losing 71% of its territory).