Poland is located in Central Europe. The capital city of Poland is Warsaw. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Germany to the west, Russia to the north, Lithuania to the northeast, Belarus and Ukraine to the east. The total area of the Poland is around 312,679 square kilometers (approx. 120,696 sq miles). It has about 40 million inhabitants.
Foundation of the Polish state was laid in the late 9th century. In 1025, the Kingdom of Poland was founded. In 1569, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was created establishing a longstanding political association between Poland and Lithuania. This Commonwealth dissolved roughly in 1795 and its territory was partitioned among Prussia, the Russian Empire, and Austrian Empire ruled by the Habsburgs. After WW1 in 1918, Poland regained its independence and gained territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland.